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Top Largest Pyramids in the World – 1 Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the part of the Giza Necropolis that includes the three prominent pyramids of Menkaura (Mycerimus), Khufu (Cheops) and Khafra (Chephren). It is the oldest and largest pyramid of Giza, situated at west of the Nile River, near Cairo, Egypt. It is also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops. It is the only one of the famous “Seven Wonders of the Ancient World” that still stands.


According to Egyptologists the pyramid was built as a tomb over a 10 to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BC. It was 230.4 metres (755.9 ft) long on each side, 146.5 metres (480.6 ft) high and is composed of 2,300,000 blocks of stone, each averaging 2 1/2 tons in weight. The mass of the pyramid is estimated at 5.9 million tonnes. But, with erosion its height now is 138.8 meters (755.9ft). It is fully covered by casing stones and some of the casing stones that once covered the structure can still be seen around the base. There are three chambers inside the Great Pyramid. The lowest chamber of this pyramid is cut into the bedrock upon which the pyramid was built and was unfinished. The Queen and King Chamber are higher up within the pyramid structure. It is the only Egypt pyramid to contain both ascending and descending passages. In the Giza complex you can see two mortuary temples in honour of Khufu, three smaller Khufu’s wives pyramids, an even smaller “satellite” pyramid, a raised causeway connecting the two temples, and small mastaba tombs surrounding the pyramid for nobles. It is the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.

The Egyptian people believed that death was merely the beginning of another journey. That the main reason of pyramids were constructed not just as burial places but also as vaults with the capacity to hold items the departed Pharaohs would need in the next life.

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