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Posts Tagged ‘the great sphinx’


Top Largest Pyramids in the World – 2 Pyramid of Khafre


Friday, September 19th, 2014

The Pyramid of Khafre is the second tallest and largest pyramids of Giza and the tomb of the Fourth-Dynasty pharaoh Khafre (Chefren), who ruled from c. 2558 to 2532 BC. It also known as the Pyramid of Chephren.Khafre who was a son of Khufu and its pyramid is only approximately 10 feet shorter than his father Khufu’s nearby Great Pyramid. It appears to be slightly larger however as it is build at a higher elevation. The pyramid has a base length of 215.5 meter (706 ft) and rises to a height of 136.4 metres (448 ft). The pyramid was made by limestone blocks and each block weighs more than 2 tons. The most distinctive feature of Khafre’s Pyramid is the topmost layer of smooth stones that are the only remaining casing stones on a Giza Pyramid.

Pyramid-of-Khafre



Interior of Khafre Pyramid

The pyramid interior structure is much simpler than Khufu’s pyramid, with a single burial chamber, one small subsidiary chamber and two passage ways. But the mortuary temple of this pyramid was more complex than Great Pyramid, it was filled with statuary of the king–over 52 life-size or larger images originally filled the structure.

The Valley Temple

The valley temple of Khafre’s Pyramid is one of the best preserved Old Kingdom temples in Egypt. It is a masterpiece of ancient Egyptian monumental architecture and in 1869 this temple became the backdrop for the ceremonial opening of the Suez Canal.

The temple front face present on the east with a large terrace paved and limestone slabs. In the middle of the terrace, found a fragment of small, simple, wood and matting unearthed structure that may have been the location of a statue depicting Khafre. The temple core wall was built by huge blocks and the inner core was then covered by pink granite slabs. The entrance door of temple was led to a T-shaped hall that made up a majority of the temple. The hall area adorned with sixteen pink granite pillars and they supported the roof. At the other end of the T shaped hall, an opening gave way to a passage that led to the northwest corner of the temple and there joined the causeway.

The Great Sphinx

The causeway leading from Khafre’s valley temple to the mortuary temple, you have to see the first truly colossal sculpture in Egyptian history: the Great Sphinx. It was carved from bedrock in front of Khafre’s pyramid. The Sphinx depicts the pharaoh as a human-headed lion, wearing the headdress of the pharaohs.

So, plan a trip to Giza, Egypt and explore more about Khafre Pyramid. Share your travel plan with us and our travel experts will provide you the best airfare deals to Egypt. For more details, call us @ 877-247-6435 or visit: http://www.smartfares.com

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