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Posts Tagged ‘fatehpur sikri’


Taj Mahal – A Memorable Experience


Thursday, May 8th, 2014

If you are planning a trip to India, you must plan a visit to the priceless monument of love – The Taj Mahal. Without visiting Taj Mahal, your trip to India remains totally incomplete. Nothing in the world can beat the magical effect of Taj Mahal, an architectural beauty which is beyond description and is also considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It was built by the 5th Mughal Emperor , Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved third wife Arjmand Begum popularly known as Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1630 A.D. Shah Jahan was head-over-heels in love with his dear wife. Mumtaz Mahal, an inseparable companion of Shah Jahan, died in 1631, while giving birth to their 14th child. It was in the memory of his beloved wife that Shah Jahan who was deeply grief-stricken by her death, built a magnificent monument as a tribute to her, which we today know as the “Taj Mahal”. Though built as a mausoleum for the beautiful queen, Taj Mahal stands and speaks unquestionably the glory and taste of Shah Jahan and his inordinate love for his wife and that’s why this picturesque beauty is also known as the Symbol of Love.

Taj Mahal



Taj Mahal is situated on the banks of Yamuna River, located in Agra city of Uttar Pradesh in India. This architectural marvel was constructed in marble and semi precious stones which were imported from Baghdad, Punjab, Egypt, Russia, Golconda, China, Afghanistan, Ceylon, Indian Ocean and Persia. The construction started in 1632 AD and completed in 1648 AD, with the mosque, the guest house and the main gateway on the south, the outer courtyard and its cloisters were added subsequently and completed in 1653 AD. Masons, stonecutters, inlayers, carvers, painters, calligraphers, dome-builders and other artisans were requisitioned from the whole of the empire and also from Central Asia and Iran. It took approximately 22 years to build and it made use of the services of 22,000 labourers and 1,000 elephants and an expenditure of approximately 32 million rupees. Ustad-Ahmad Lahori was the main architect of the Taj Mahal and Amanat Khan Shirazi was the calligrapher of Taj Mahal.

The interior and exterior decorations of this monument are amongst the finest to be found in the Mughal era. If you carefully study the architecture it’s tell you that the Taj blends Hindu architecture and patterns along with Mughal designs and arches. The red lotus in Taj Mahal is actually a symbol of Brahma while the trident that features several times in the inner sanctuary of the tomb is a symbol of Shiva. The inner chambers of the Taj are carved and designed with semi precious stones while the exterior facade is a study in geometrical patterns and symmetry. The Taj Mahal’s pure white marble shimmers silver in the moonlight, glows softly pink at dawn, and at close of day reflects the fiery tints of the setting Sun. Outside the monument complex there is a large and famous Mughal garden. The garden has a raised marble water tank situated at its centre, which reflects the image of the mausoleum.

The other attractions close to Taj Mahal are Agra Fort, Jama Maszid, Sikandra, Itmadh-Ud-Daulah tomb, Fatehpur Sikri, Khas Mahal, Panch Mahal, Moti Masjid, Jahangir Mahal and Taj Museum.

We have no words to define its beauty, but it would be enough to say that the Taj Mahal has a life of its own that leaps out of marble. A tour to the Taj Mahal is a once in a lifetime experience, that leaves you with many unforgettable lifetime memories.

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